Sonata in Eb major, Hob XVI-52 - III. Finale; presto
Piano Sonatas (Disk 5)
Joseph Haydn (1732 -1809).
Unlike Mozart, Beethoven, Clementi, and a number of his other near-contemporaries, Haydn was not a virtuoso pianist. Haydn recognised this, once stating, “I was a wizard on no instrument, but I knew the strength and working of all.”
Often, simple piano pieces were directed toward women, who were expected to attain a moderate degree of accomplishment on a keyboard instrument in order to be “eligible for marriage.” A few of Haydn's sonatas, however, were not composed for his students; three of these, the Sonatas in C major, D major and E flat major (Hoboken 16: 50, 51 &52), were written for Therese Jansen, a leading pianist in London who had studied with Clementi.
Haydn composed them in 1794-1795, during his second visit to the English capital. The last three piano sonatas give evidence not only of Jansen’s formidable technique, but of the more powerful sonority of the English piano in comparison to its German and Austrian counterparts.